ing options, environmental issues, safety concerns, industry standards, and cost. Often the design is created for the
“average” user. In contrast, “universal design (UD)” is, according to The Center for Universal Design, “the design
of products and environments to be usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adapta-
tion or specialized design” (www.design.ncsu.edu/cud/about_ud/about_ud.htm).
When UD principles are applied in a postsecondary institution, educational products and environments meet the
needs of potential students with a wide variety of characteristics. Disability is just one of many characteristics that
a student might possess. For example, one student could be Hispanic, six feet tall, male, thirty years old, an excel-
lent reader, primarily a visual learner, and deaf. UD requires consideration of all characteristics of potential users,
including abilities and disabilities, when developing a course or service...." for more information, download the publication at the link below.