Final Examination of David B. Hoffman (LLC Cohort 8)
Responding to calls for higher education to play a central role in renewing democracy, a growing number
of U.S. colleges, universities, and national higher education networks are
experimenting with strategies for developing students’ civic agency: the
capacity of ordinary people collectively to create and exert power in action.
This study explores the developmental processes of University of Maryland,
Baltimore County (UMBC) undergraduates who achieved and demonstrated
exceptional civic agency, using a research methodology that combines
phenomenology, the search for deep meanings in lived experience, with
hermeneutics, an iterative meaning-making process grounded in the researcher’s
relationship with the topic being studied.
By conveying the products of this exploration with poetic resonance, and
surfacing aspects of everyday experience not ordinarily recognized by the
conscious mind, this study aims to empower and inspire readers to take action
to promote civic agency effectively in their own environments.
For the UMBC undergraduates who participated in this study, coming to civic agency involved experiencing
their own reality against the backdrop of everyday environments and
relationships that often felt synthetic and scripted. In a variety of settings, the participants
found opportunities to be the cause of meaningful changes in people and
situations, from which they drew the inference that they were actually present
in a world that could be altered through their actions. In relationships with older adults and peers
that deviated from the usual scripts, the participants experienced themselves
anew as subjects rather than objects, human beings rather than actors on a
stage. Faculty and staff members
contributed most to the participants’ agency when they approached the teaching
and learning process with a kind of directness and humility: a willingness to
share power and status, forego pretensions, avoid assertions of absolute
mastery, and allow collaborative work to unfold without knowing exactly where
it would lead.